*TOO*dramatic. But I started to think about this the other day when I began

__teaching telling__time and

__counting money__to my second graders. In ten years, these little second graders are going to be seniors in high school! So here I am teaching them to tell time on an analog clock. And now, using the fake plastic money to learn how to count money.

But think about it? In ten years, will there be ANY digital clocks around other than Big Ben? Pretty much everywhere you look you see digital clocks. I remember my younger brother always going to the digital clock in our house when he needed to know the time (and that was more than 30 years ago!). My own kids do the same! They did learn how to tell time on an analog clock. But because they weren't obligated or had the need to use an analog clock (other than the one in school), they literally started to forget how to tell time on it. But are there still advantages of using an analog clock?

##
Uhg! I'M GETTING OLD! *(when did *__that__ coin change?)

__that__coin change?)

Let's talk about coins and money. True story. I had no idea the new nickel had Jefferson facing forward! Since I have been mostly teaching third grade the past ten years, teaching second grade is new to me this year. I haven't taught lessons on money in a LONG time. And I hate carrying around change! So I never really paid attention to the difference in the coins. Ok, I did know about the new quarters.

So here I am teaching my students how to count coins. What's the biggest hang-up or obstacle so far? Recognizing the coins! So to my surprise, the new nickel has Thomas Jefferson looking forward instead of a profile. I guess I hadn't been paying attention to coins for a LONG time. As I said before, I hate carrying around change. If I ever have any, I just put them in a box and collect it until I can take it to coin counter (free coin counting at my credit union, btw). So when my students asked me what a coin was in their math book, I said to look at the resource chart that we made together or to look in their math journal. Of course, it had the old nickel! So a quick lesson on the new nickel. But think about it. In ten years, will we

*STILL*be using coins or will we be a cashless society?

##
THE iGENs *(they're in your classroom right now!)*

What skills are we teaching today that will NOT be needed in ten years by this generation? By the way, they are called the iGen generation. Fitting name! Unlike their older brothers and sisters who are the Millenials who

*GRADUALLY*went from laptops to tablets to phones, this generation is glued to a portable screen (tablets and phones) full time.

They are growing up in a world we can not even imagine what it will be like in ten years. The first tablet, the iPad, was introduced in 2010...the year my second graders were born! They've grown up around screens and swiping. What skills will they need by the time they graduate from high school? It's hard to predict the future, but there are trends we see coming.

In this THREE part post, let's examine some skills that may or may NOT be needed in ten years time (2028). Part THREE will look at some recent skills that will be of critical importance in any future that comes (think digital citizenship).

## TEACHING TELLING THE TIME

As I explained above, the only analog clocks we see anywhere nowadays seem to be in classrooms and grandfather clocks (oh yeah, they might have Roman numerals, too!). Yes, I still have one in my classroom. But you know what, the school Chromebooks also display the time digitally. Guess which one the students prefer to use? Is it a losing battle? Do we choose between analog or digital? If you're proficient at telling time using an analog clock, the switch to a digital clock is no big thing.

But think about all that went into learning how to tell time on an analog clock. The movement of the hands on a clock vs numbers just changing on a display. You could actually SEE the progression of time. Granted that on a digital clock, you can usually use a stopwatch function to see the passage of time. But looking at an analog clock allowed us to do mental math (counting on or counting backward).

How many more minutes or hours do I have to wait? You could visualize the hands moving on that clock. It is very hard to imagine or visualize the numbers on a digital display changing to figure out how much time is left of how long I'll have to wait. That involves adding and subtracting in your head, while with an analog clock, it's a matter of just counting on or counting backward.

But in ten more years, will there be mostly analog or digital clocks on display in public areas? What about on screens? Probably more digital than analog displays. Digital just takes up less space and is easier to change or adjust. So if students looking at a digital display can mentally add or subtract, then that's probably just as skillful as counting forward or backward on an analog clock.

In the meantime though, I still think it's important to continue teaching time on an analog clock because it is just more than just learning how to tell time. It's using mental math and visualizing, which are still essential math skills no matter what century you live in. Other math skills can be strengthened or taught through an analog clock: counting by fives, understanding quarters or fourths, and the concept of am and pm.

What I do think we should stop teaching are all the VARIOUS

*ways of saying the same time. You know...half past, quarter to, 10 'till. Does anyone other than our grandparents even use that terminology today? Ok, they might hear it more often in different parts of the country, and they will definitely read it in older stories, but do we get our "bang for the buck" when we take so much time to teach these archaic phrases? I'm happy with my second graders just knowing it's "two-thirty" rather than "half past 2." The only term that should be taught is o'clock!*

## PART 2 COMING SOON

In Part Two, let's examine some more skills such as counting money, reference skills (library skills and dictionary skills), cursive writing and keyboarding.

What do you think so far? Do you feel you teach skills you know won't be relevant in ten years? Or maybe they won't be relevant, but are necessary to develop OTHER skills? Share your thoughts in the comment section below!